Selection Step 3a: Selecting an Affordable Last-Mile Connectivity Solution

The five factors in selecting an affordable last-mile connectivity solution map to other frameworks of universal access components in the figure below. Regulatory influence is the starting point for economic viability, mirroring the layered intervention approach beginning with market-expanding interventions that increase market efficiency. However, a government may want to provide universal access even when the profitability threshold is not achieved, such as with policy and regulatory interventions such as subsidies, tax alleviations, and free or low-cost licensing.

Figure 33: The components of an affordable last-mile connectivity solution related to other frameworks

Source: adapted from C. Milne, Improving Affordability of Telecommunications: Cross-Fertilization between the Developed and the Developing World (15 August 2006), TPRC 2006. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2104397