Review Step 2c: Characteristics & Trade-offs

Subsidy – The rationale for subsidy (none, one-time or recurring)

The question of when subsidies are most efficient is an important consideration for both public and private institutions that may be considering some form of subsidy to improve last-mile access. ITU’s ICT Regulation Toolkit provides a helpful guide for determining when subsidies can create impact.

Figure 22: Intervention distinctions for the various access gaps

Source: ITU ICT Regulation Toolkit.