Review Step 2c: Characteristics & Trade-offs

Optical Fiber Examples

Box 5: Example of Guifi.net aerial fiber deployments

Guifi.net is an open access telecommunication network based on a commons model that was started in 2004 in Osona county in Catalonia, Spain, to address the lack of broadband in rural areas amid a dearth of interest among traditional operators to provide service. Today, Guifi.net has over 30 000 active nodes operating across 68 000 km of links (wireless and fibre). In 2009, the network started deploying optical fibre in rural areas under the Fibre From the Farms Broadband Initiative. The network could achieve a reduced cost of fibre deployment per kilometre because of the active involvement of the community.

Source: presentation by Ramon Roca, 14 November 2019

Box 6. Optical fibre deployments in rural communities

(United States)

In the United States, municipal and rural cooperative networks in the state of North Dakota have been leaders in terms of deploying fibre networks to communities in rural and remote regions. Their efforts have been driven in part by cooperation among small rural telephone exchanges and by leveraging federal funds to invest in broadband infrastructure. Today, more than 75 per cent of the state’s rural population has access to fibre (compared to only 20 per cent of rural residents nationwide) and over 80 per cent of the state is covered by fibre networks.

Box 6 figure: Access to fibre networks by census blocks (June 2019)

(North Dakota highlighted in outline)

Source: K. Kienbaum et al., How Local Providers Built the Nation’s Best Internet Access in Rural North Dakota (Institute for Local Self-reliance, May 2020)