Review Step 2c: Characteristics & Trade-offs of Organizational Interventions

The Last-Mile Connectivity Case Studies Database presents a range of different interventions, each with a unique combination of organizational characteristics. The interventions can nonetheless be categorized using the main features below, are discussed in further detail in this section (2c).

Those characteristics are:

Usage: the intended usage of the connectivity services and the corresponding technical requirements. The intended usage influences the intervention’s operational and technical choices, most obviously when it comes to the level of QoS to provide; Business Models: how the operating entity organizes its operations, constructs its organizational structure, and establishes and maintains its commercial relationships; Revenue Models: whether the operating entity covers the cost of service provision by collecting revenue and/or by alternate means, including subsidies and in-kind support; Access Network Technologies: the different ways technologies are used in the access network set the entity apart from others and can determine who gets access to connectivity and how. This includes, in some cases, the use of emerging access technologies that can help address technical issues specific to a usage or a locality’s context; Backhaul Technologies: the choice of backhaul technology or mix of technologies to provide bandwidth capacity can have a big impact on the QoS provided to users; Policy and Regulatory Regimes: differences in the policy and regulatory environment that act as enablers, or constraints, for different types of business models, revenue models, technology uses and operational entity.