Review Step 2b:

Categorization / typology of interventions

The review of 123 different interventions presented in the Last-Mile Connectivity Case Studies Database showed that interventions differed along two axes:

Figure 19: Categorizing last-mile interventions based on type of network and profit considerations

The first is the type of network service, as defined by the primary access network technology utilized. Interventions focused either on:

a. Mobile network deployments providing various mobile wireless services, including voice service, and where the end-user device is mobile and non-stationary; or, b. General internet service providers (ISPs) that utilized a range of different technologies, both fixed and wireless, to provide data-focused services.

The second axis relates to profit. While most entities incorporated formal business operations in partnership with commercial services, some interventions were either:

a. not-for-profit, delivering connectivity service without an emphasis on commercial returns; or b. commercial, basing investment decisions on economic return calculations.