Introduction: Background, Motivation and Objectives

Moreover, even when telecommunication networks are present, access to the Internet may be limited by prohibitively high prices. Service may be economically viable for the service provider in such situations, as certain segments of the population may be purchasing it, but lower-income individuals and families may be priced out of connectivity. This is why the ITU/UNESCO Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development has adopted a target level whereby entry-level broadband services in developing countries should cost less than 2% of monthly Gross National Income (GNI) per capita. See figure below. The 2% threshold has been adopted across different organizations as a useful metric to estimate affordable service. It must be borne in mind, however, that this is average income for a given population and that even in situations where a country’s pricing meets the threshold, access prices for lower-income groups may be significantly more than 2% of GNI and a more granular and targeted focus on lower income groups may be necessary. That is why this Solutions Guide focuses on interventions that provide affordable service.

Figure 7: Number of countries having achieved the Broadband Commission targets for computer-based mobile-broadband services (1.5 GB per month), 2020

Figure 7: Number of countries having achieved the Broadband Commission targets for computer-based mobile-broadband services (1.5 GB per month), 2020

Source: ITU, Measuring Digital Development: ICT Price Trends 2019