Acknowledgements

The Solutions Guide was prepared by John Garrity and Aminata Amadou Garba. Last-mile connectivity and/or mapping case study contributions were provided in the form of direct contributions for attribution and inclusion, without extensive editing by the authors, by the following organizations and individuals (listed alphabetically by organization and by individual last names): 1 World Connected (Christopher Yoo); Africa Mobile Networks (Michael Darcy); Airbus (Davina Egbuna); Anatel (Brazil’s National Telecommunications Agency) (Roberto Mitsuake Hirayama, Agostinho Linhares, Eduardo Marques da Costa Jacomassi, Patricia Rodrigues Ferreira); Association of Progressive Communications (Erick Huerta, Mike Jensen, Leandro Navarro, Carlos Rey-Moreno and Steve Song); Bluetown (Satya N. Gupta); Connected Pacific (Jonathan Brewer); EMEA Satellite Operators Association (ESOA) (Natalia Vicente); Fraym (Ben Leo, Rachael Mandell and Rob Morello); GÉANT (Cathrin Stöver); HIP Consult (Judah Levine and Amelia Prior); Huawei (Newman Wu, Zhang Xinyue, Li Wenxin and Xu Zhiyu ); GSMA (Genaro Cruz and Claire Sibthorpe); Internet Society (Naveed Haq); Masae Analytics (Emmanuel de Dinechin); Microsoft (Lydia Carroon and Jeffrey Yan); Ookla (Bryan Darr and Katherine Macdonald); PCARI Village Base Station Project (Claire Barela, Josephine Dionisio, Cedric Festin, Philip Martinez, VBTS Team); Government of Poland (Marcin Cichy and Agnieszka Gładysz); Telefonica (Juan Campillo Alonso); Vanu (Andrew Beard); ViaSat (Ryan Johnson); World Bank (Tim Kelly); World Telecom Labs (Simon Pearson). The following organizations and individuals provided feedback on the drafts and concepts presented here (listed alphabetically by organization and by individual last names): A.S. Popov Odessa National Academy of Telecommunications (Vadim Kaptur); AFRINIC (Amreesh  Phokeer and Arthur Carindal); Alliance for Affordable Internet (Sonia Jorge and Maiko Nakagaki); Association of Progressive Communications (Erick Huerta, Mike Jensen, Leandro Navarro, Carlos Rey-Moreno and Steve Song); ARIN (Anne Rachel Inne); Broadband Commission School Connectivity Working Group (February 6 and April 29 meetings); Dynamic Spectrum Alliance (Martha Suarez); EchoStar (Jennifer Manner); EMEA Satellite Operators Association (ESOA) (Aarti Holla, Natalia Vicente); GÉANT (Cathrin Stöver); Global Good Net Works Limited (Frank McCosker); Hellenic Telecommunications and Post Commission (Konstantinos Masselos); HIP Consult (Judah Levine); Huawei (Newman Wu); Intel (Turhan Muluk); Internet Society (Diego Canabarro, Jane Coffin and Juan Peirano); ITU (Doreen Bogdan-Martin, Istvan Bozsoki, Sergio Buonomo, Ruoting Chang, Jeounghee Kim, Catalin Marinescu, Marco Obiso, Orhan Osmani, Bruno Ramos, Joaquin Restrepo, Sofie Maddens, Nick Sinanis, Maria Victoria Sukenik and Alex Wong); ITU Telecommunication Development Bureau Study Group 1; Microsoft (Lydia Carroon and Jeffrey Yan); People Centered Internet (Mei Lin Fung); Royal Holloway, University of London (Tim Unwin); Sandeep Taxali; Telco2 New Zealand (Jonathan Brewer); UNHCR (John Warnes); World Bank (Doyle Gallegos); ViaSat (Ryan Johnson). All errors, comissions and inconsistencies are the authors’ alone.