Annual Report 2019-2020

Emerging technologies

ITU monitors the progress of new/emerging technologies such as Artificial Intelligence (AI), Internet of Things (IoT), and Quantum information Technologies (QIT).

Artificial Intelligence

AI for Good Global Summit: The 2019 Summit was organized into five “Breakthrough Tracks”: AI and Health; AI and Education; AI and Human Dignity and Equality; Scaling AI and AI for Space. There were also sessions on the future of Smart Mobility, AI and agriculture, AI’s role in arts and culture, AI and robotics, and the unintended consequences of AI.

AI related Focus Groups: Several AI-related FGs have been established / working through this year. For example, on Machine Learning for Future Networks, on AI for Health, on Environmental Efficiency for Artificial Intelligence and other Emerging Technologies, and on AI for autonomous and assisted driving.

AI and Emerging Radiocommunications Technologies: AI acts as an enabler to enhance emerging radio technologies, as demonstrated by, for example, AI and IMT-2020 (5G), AI and IoT, AI and Cognitive Radio Systems (CRS), AI and Satellite Ecosystem, AI and Spectrum Monitoring, AI and Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS).

Internet of things (IoT)

ITU enables the coordinated development of interoperable IoT technologies, essentially, millions of connected devices and objects. During the year covered by this report ITU’s work on the IoT included, but is not limited to, the approval by ITU-T SG20 of 13 IoT-related Recommendations. Some examples include the following: IoT requirements for support of edge computing; Requirements and functional architecture of smart residential community; Framework of open data in smart cities; Framework of blockchain of things as decentralized service platform; Framework of smart greenhouse service; and Minimum set of data structure for automotive emergency response system, and ITU-T Y.4904 Smart sustainable cities maturity model.

Quantum Information Technology (QIT)

QIT is a class of emerging technology that improves information processing capability by harnessing principles of quantum mechanics. It has promoted the booming of the second quantum revolution and will have a profound impact on ICT networks. In response to this new emerging technology ITU established the ITU-T Focus Group on Quantum Information Technology for Networks to provide a collaborative platform for pre-standardization aspects of QIT for networks.

Artifical Intelligence for good