Spectrum Management and Standardization
Fifth-generation networks are coming fast and will have great power to transform our lives for the better. Better health care, smarter cities, vastly more efficient manufacturing are all being made possible as the “Internet of Things” era gathers pace with an array of innovative solutions that power our modern economy.
ITU plays a key role in adopting the globally harmonized spectrum and standards (IMT-2020) that will facilitate the development and implementation of 5G networks.
ITU is at the core of this process by allocating spectrum for this new technology with the aim of facilitating the provision of the new services seamlessly without perturbations or interferences. In 2018, the preparation work for the World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC-19) continued, including potential future requirements for large contiguous blocks of spectrum at higher frequencies, required for 5G systems.
ITU develops standards for 5G facilitating interoperability, meaning equipment that can work together irrespective of who the manufacturer is and with the effect of decreasing the cost for the end user. They include both radio and non-radio elements of 5G:
Radio elements of IMT-2020
ITU-R works on standards related to vision, frequency arrangements, radio interface, spectrum sharing and global circulation of terminals, enabling global mobile broadband development. In 2018, it approved one new ITU-R Recommendation and published three new Reports on the topic.
Non-radio elements of IMT-2020
ITU-T worked on software-driven network management and orchestration that continues to transform telecom operations. ITU-T’s 5G work is supporting this transformation with the development of new standards for networking innovation, the evolution of the transport network and environmental sustainability.